HIV infection susceptibility - having BV may make a woman more susceptible to HIV infection if she is exposed to the virus.
Transmitting HIV - females with bacterial vaginosis who are HIV positive are three times more likely to transmit HIV to their male sexual partners than other women
Other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) - a woman with BV is more susceptible to becoming infected with the herpes simplex virus, Chlamydia, gonorrhea, and HPV (human papilloma virus).
Post-surgical infection - a woman with BV has an increased risk of developing an infection after surgery, such as an abortion or hysterectomy.
Pregnancy complications - having BV increases the risk of some pregnancy complications, such as:
Giving birth early (preterm delivery)
-A late miscarriage
-The amniotic sac breaking open too early
-Chorioamnionitis - inflammation of the membranes that surround the fetus (chorion and amnion). Significantly increases the risk of preterm labor, and if the child survives, the risk of cerebral palsy.
-Postpartum endometritis - the lining of the uterus becomes irritated or inflamed after giving birth.
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) - women with BV are more susceptible to developing PID; infection and inflammation of the upper female genital tract.
Tubal factor infertility - caused by fallopian tube damage. The fallopian tubes connect the ovaries to the uterus.
In-vitro fertilization - women with BV may have a lower success rate with IVF.