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How is hepatitis B transmitted? Hepatitis B can be passed from person to person in several ways.Hepatitis B is one of the most common infectious diseases in the world  and the hepatitis B virus is 100 times more contagious than the HIV virus, the virus that causes AIDS.The more you understand how the virus is transmitted, the better you’ll be able to reduce your risk of becoming infected.

Hepatitis B transmission methods can include:

  • Being born to a mother who has hepatitis B. Pregnant women who have hepatitis B should ask their medical professionals about vaccinating their newborn babies to protect against infection
  • People who have unprotected sex with someone who is infected. People who have hepatitis B may not look sick so it is important to always use condoms
  • People who use illegal drugs and share needles or syringes
  • In some countries, people can also get the hepatitis B virus from visiting barbers who may not have clean razors
  • People who live in the same house as people who have the virus. If you are living with an infected person, you should be careful and not share personal items such as razors and toothbrushes

In some cases, people become infected with the virus during hospital stays. Medical professionals are also at risk for getting the hepatitis B virus and should follow proper procedures for protecting themselves

If you do have hepatitis B, it is very important to take precautions to avoid transmitting hepatitis B to others:

  • Avoid sharing needles or syringes
  • Avoid sharing personal items like toothbrushes and razors
  • Always use a condom during sex

If you are pregnant, or trying to become pregnant, you should talk to your medical professional about how to protect your baby when it is born.

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